Here is a helpful guide of the Korean words that we use in our classes, however, we mainly use English.

 

KOREAN (phonetic)
ENGLISH (closest translation)
Yu Kang DoThe Soft & Hard Way
Tang Soo DoThe Way of the Chinese Hand
Kwan Jang (Nim)Grand master
Sa Bom (Nim)Master instructor
Bo Sa Bom (Nim)Third Dan instructor
Kyo Sa (Nim)Second Dan instructor
Bo Kyo Sa (Nim)First Dan instructor
NimA term similar to `Sir`
DanBlack belt
Cho Dan BoBlack belt candidate
GupHolder of a coloured belt (under Cho Dan Bo)
Do JangTraining hall
Do BokTraining uniform
DeeBelt
Kee ChoBasic
HyungForm
Dae RyunSparring
Mahk keeBlock
Kong kyukAttack
Ha danLow section
Choong danMiddle section
Sang danHigh section
AhpFront
YupSide
DwiBack
Cha giKick
Ki hapEnergy shout
Jung kwonFore fist – First two knuckles
Kap kwonBack of the fist – First two knuckles
Soo doKnife hand
Yuk soo doRidge hand
Kwan sooSpear hand – Finger tips
Jang kwonPalm heal
Joon be jasehReady stance
Chong gul jasehFront stance
Hu gul jasehBack stance
Ki ma jasehHorse stance
  
INSTRUCTIONS WE USE IN TRAINING
THESE NEED TO BE LEARNT
  
Cha ryutAttention
Kyung yetBow
Joon beReady
Si-jockBegin
Ba-roReturn
ShioRelax
ToraTurn
Dwi-toraTurn back
  
COUNTING IN KOREAN
THESE NEED TO BE LEARNT
  
Ha naOne
DoolTwo
SetThree
NetFour
Da sotFive
Ya sotSix
Il gopSeven
Yo dullEight
Ah hopNine
YohlTen
  
HOW WE START AND END CLASS
THESE NEED TO BE LEARNT
  
Cha ryutAttention
Kyung yetBow
Ahn joSit down with legs crossed
Muk nyumEyes closed for breathing
E la soot (usually with clapped hands)Stand up
Sa bom nim kyung yetBow to Master instructor
  
HAND STRIKES AND BLOCKING TECHNIQUES
 
  
Mahk KeeBlock
Ha danLow
Choong danMiddle
Sang danHigh
Kong kyukAttack with a punck
Ahneso pahkuroInside to outside
Pahkeso ahnuroOutside to inside
Wheng jin kyong kyukSide punch in Horse stance
Ssang soo mahk keeTwo hand `X` block
Soo do mahk keeKnife hand block
Kwan soo kong kyukSpear hand strike
Yuk jin, Kong kyukSide chop and reverse punch
Yuk soo kong kyukKnife hand block and reverse punch
Yup mahk keeSide block
  
KICKING TECHNIQUES
 
  
Ahp chagiFront kick
Ahp podo oll ri chagiFront stretch kick
Yup chagiSide kick
Dull ryo yup chagiTurning side kick
Dull ryo chagiTurning  kick (roundhouse)
Dwi chagiBack kick
Dull ryo Dwi chagiTurning back kick
Ahneso pahkuro chagiInside to outside kick
Pahkeso ahnuro chagiOutside to inside kick
Nak see chagiHook kick
Ahp mee ro chagiFront push kick
Moo roop chagiKnee strike
Peet chagiReverse turning kick
Jump kickEh-dan
 
THE BELT SYSTEM AND THE THEIR MEANINGS

Our belt system, in its progression from White to Black, represents the four seasons and educational steps of learning. The colour significance of the belts are as follows:

White/Yellow: First stages of learning and growth. Students learn customery respect and behaviour. Yellow can be likened to Winter Sun and hope for the future.

Orange: Early spring. Student starts to build a good foundation of self-discipline, endurance and health.

Purple: Spring and new growth. The student has acquired new knowledge in order to grow and a sense of Yu Kang Do direction is being formed and developed.

Green: Summer. This level is the backbone of the Do jang as the student shows spirit, commitment and has displayed a sincere desire to learn.

Blue: This is half way to Black Belt. The student has now learned, that hard work and commitment bring great rewards!

Brown: Autumn. The student displays strength, stamina, balance and co-ordination in their performance and begins to learn and to apply teaching skills.

Red: Power, stability, agility, weight, wisdom. The student has confidence and has learned patience and perseverance.

Cho Dan Bo: The student has now shown great skills & proficiency in Yu Kang Do. They must now prove to themselves and their Instructor, that they can meet the excellent standard expected & face their biggest challenge to date. They must have the highest standard of etiquette and display respect to senior and lower grades, at all times.

Black (Dan Grade): Total commitment. The student has become an accomplished YU KANG DO exponent, eager and willing to share their knowledge and experience with others. As a Dan grade, one continues to learn and to perfect skills, old and new. Weapons and more interesting Hyungs and fighting techniques will be learned as the student advances through the Dan grades.

FORMS – HYUNGS

The forms we practice as part of the syllabus are listed below. We also practice Sword, Knife and Staff, these are usually in Workshops/Seminars and private tuition.

THE KOREAN FORM NAME
 
 
ENGLISH TRANSLATION
    
Kee cho hyung il bu  Master Pears` Basic form # 1
Kee cho hyung Ee bu  Basic form # 2
    
PYUNG AHN
  
PEACEFUL CONFIDENCE
Cho dan  # 1
Ee dan  # 2
Sam dan  # 3 
Sa dan  # 4
Oh dan  # 5
    Symbol – Turtle
    
KICK FORMS
  #1
   #2
   #3
   #4
    
YONG JI  COURAGE AND WISDOM
   Master Pears` long form
    
YU KANG  SOFT/HARD
   Master Pears` short form
    
BASSAI
  
TO BREACH A FORTRESS
BASSSAI DAI – (greater)  Matsumura Sokon
BASSAI SHO – (lesser)  Itosu Anko
   Symbol – Cobra
    
NAIHANCHI
  
SIDEWAYS FIGHTING
Cho dan  # 1
Ee dan  # 2
Sam dan  # 3
    Symbol – Iron horse
    
SIP SOO  TEN HANDS
   Symbol – Bear
    
CHINTO  FIGHTING TO THE EAST
   Symbol – Crane
    
KUNG SAN KUNG  LOOKING TO THE SKY
   Symbol – Eagle
    
JION  TEMPLE BELLS
   Symbol – Goat
    
WANSHU  FLYING SWALLOW
   Symbol – Swallow
    
ROHAI  VISION OF A HERON
   Symbol – Heron
    
SEISHAN  `13`
   Symbol – Preying mantis
    

KORYU SEISAN

   

SANCHIN 

  3 BATTLES
CHINTE  STRANGE HANDS
    
WANDUAN  KINGS CROWN
    
TENSHO  ROLLING or THUNDER HANDS
    
DAE RYUN
  
SPARRING
    
Cha yu dae ryun  Free sparring
Da sot dae ryun  Free sparring against two opponents
Il soo sik dae ryun  One step pre-arranged sparring
Sam soo sik dae ryun  Three step pre-arranged sparring
Bong dae ryun  Staff sparring
 
KEY CONCEPTS OF YU KANG DO
Chung shin tong Il  Concentration
Yong gi  Courage
In neh  Endurance
Chung jik  Honesty
Kyum son  Humility

COURTESY

Ko Map Sum Ni Da – Less formal form of ‘Thank you’
Pronounced – (Kam Sam Needa)

Jeonman-yeyo – Don’t mention it – You’re welcome.
Pronounced – (Chunman Ayoh)