Here is a helpful guide of the Korean words that we use in our classes, however, we mainly use English.

KOREAN (phonetic)

ENGLISH (closest translation)

Yu Kang DoThe Soft & Hard Way
Tang Soo DoThe Way of the Chinese Hand
Kwan Jang (Nim)Grand master
Sa Bom (Nim)Master instructor
Bo Sa Bom (Nim)Third Dan instructor
Kyo Sa (Nim)Second Dan instructor
Bo Kyo Sa (Nim)First Dan instructor
NimA term similar to `Sir`
DanBlack belt
Cho Dan BoBlack belt candidate
GupHolder of a coloured belt (under Cho Dan Bo)
Do JangTraining hall
Do BokTraining uniform
DeeBelt
Kee ChoBasic
HyungForm
Dae RyunSparring
Mahk keeBlock
Kong kyukAttack
Ha danLow section
Choong danMiddle section
Sang danHigh section
AhpFront
YupSide
DwiBack
Cha giKick
Ki hapEnergy shout
Jung kwonFore fist – First two knuckles
Kap kwonBack of the fist – First two knuckles
Soo doKnife hand
Yuk soo doRidge hand
Kwan sooSpear hand – Finger tips
Jang kwonPalm heal
Joon be jasehReady stance
Chong gul jasehFront stance
Hu gul jasehBack stance
Ki ma jasehHorse stance
  

INSTRUCTIONS WE USE IN TRAINING

THESE NEED TO BE LEARNT

  
Cha ryutAttention
Kyung yetBow
Joon beReady
Si-jockBegin
Ba-roReturn
ShioRelax
ToraTurn
Dwi-toraTurn back
  

COUNTING IN KOREAN

THESE NEED TO BE LEARNT

  
Ha naOne
DoolTwo
SetThree
NetFour
Da sotFive
Ya sotSix
Il gopSeven
Yo dullEight
Ah hopNine
YohlTen
  

HOW WE START AND END CLASS

THESE NEED TO BE LEARNT

  
Cha ryutAttention
Kyung yetBow
Ahn joSit down with legs crossed
Muk nyumEyes closed for breathing
E la soot (usually with clapped hands)Stand up
Sa bom nim kyung yetBow to Master instructor
  

HAND STRIKES AND BLOCKING TECHNIQUES

 
  
Mahk KeeBlock
Ha danLow
Choong danMiddle
Sang danHigh
Kong kyukAttack with a punck
Ahneso pahkuroInside to outside
Pahkeso ahnuroOutside to inside
Wheng jin kyong kyukSide punch in Horse stance
Ssang soo mahk keeTwo hand `X` block
Soo do mahk keeKnife hand block
Kwan soo kong kyukSpear hand strike
Yuk jin, Kong kyukSide chop and reverse punch
Yuk soo kong kyukKnife hand block and reverse punch
Yup mahk keeSide block
  

KICKING TECHNIQUES

 
  
Ahp chagiFront kick
Ahp podo oll ri chagiFront stretch kick
Yup chagiSide kick
Dull ryo yup chagiTurning side kick
Dull ryo chagiTurning  kick (roundhouse)
Dwi chagiBack kick
Dull ryo Dwi chagiTurning back kick
Ahneso pahkuro chagiInside to outside kick
Pahkeso ahnuro chagiOutside to inside kick
Nak see chagiHook kick
Ahp mee ro chagiFront push kick
Moo roop chagiKnee strike
Peet chagiReverse turning kick
Jump kickEh-dan

 

DAE RYUN

  

                         SPARRING

    
Cha yu dae ryun                             Free sparring
Da sot dae ryun                             Free sparring against two opponents
Il soo sik dae ryun                             One step pre-arranged sparring
Sam soo sik dae ryun                             Three step pre-arranged sparring
Bong dae ryun                             Staff sparring

 

KEY CONCEPTS OF YU KANG DO

 

Chung shin tong Il                                                      Concentration

Yong gi                                                                       Courage

In neh                                                                         Endurance

Chung jik                                                                    Honesty

Kyum son                                                                    Humility

 

COURTESY

Ko Map Sum Ni Da —– Less formal form of ‘Thank you’
Pronounced – (Kam Sam Needa)


Jeonman-yeyo —– Don’t mention it/You’re welcome                          Pronounced – (Chun man ay oh)