Terminology

Here is a helpful guide of popular phrases used in our, Yu Kang Do classes. We only use a select few in class, so not too many to learn. We have included them all, as you may come across them during your training at other clubs.

GENERAL TERMINOLOGY
Korean (phonetic) English (closest translation)
Yu Kang Do The Soft & Hard Way
Tang Soo Do The Way of the Chinese Hand
Kwan Jang (Nim) Grand master
Sa Bom (Nim) Master instructor
Bo Sa Bom (Nim) Third Dan instructor
Kyo Sa (Nim) Second Dan instructor
Bo Kyo Sa (Nim) First Dan instructor
Nim A term similar to `Sir`
Dan Black belt 
Cho Dan Bo Black belt candidate
Gup Holder of a coloured belt (under Cho Dan Bo)
Do Jang Training hall
Do Bok Training uniform
Dee Belt 
Kee Cho Basic
Hyung  Form 
Dae Ryun Sparring
Mahk kee Block
Kong kyuk Attack 
Ha dan Low section 
Choong dan Middle section
Sang dan High section
Ahp Front
Yup Side
Dwi Back
Cha gi Kick
Ki hap Energy shout
Jung kwon Fore fist
Kap kwon Back of the fist
Soo do Knife hand
Yuk soo do Ridge hand
Kwan soo Spear hand
Jang kwon Palm heal
Joon be jaseh Ready stance
Chong gul jaseh Front stance
Hu gul jaseh Back stance
Ki ma jaseh Horse stance
COMMANDS USED IN TRAINING 
Cha ryut Attention
Kyung yet Bow
Joon be Ready
Si-jock Begin
Ba-ro Return
Shio Relax
Tora Turn
Dwi-tora Turn back
COUNTING
Ha na One
Dool Two
Set Three
Net Four
Da sot Five
Ya sot Six
Il gop Seven
Yo dull Eight
Ah hop Nine
Yohl Ten
COMMANDS USED TO START AND END CLASS
Cha ryut Attention
Kyung yet Bow
Ahn jo Sit down with legs crossed 
Muk nyum Eyes closed for breathing 
E la soot (usually with clapped hands) Stand up 
Sa bom nim kyung yet Bow to Master instructor
BASIC HAND AND BLOCKING TECHNIQUES
Block Mahk kee
Ha dan  Low 
Choong dan Middle
Sang dan High
Kong kyuk Attack with a punck
Ahneso pahkuro  Inside to outside
Pahkeso ahnuro Outside to inside 
Wheng jin kyong kyuk Side punch in Horse stance
Ssang soo mahk kee Two hand `X` block
Soo do mahk kee Knife hand block
Kwan soo kong kyuk Spear hand strike
Yuk jin, Kong kyuk Side chop and reverse punch
Yuk soo kong kyuk Knife hand block and reverse punch
Yup mahk kee Side block
KICKING TECHNIQUES
Ahp chagi Front kick
Ahp podo oll ri chagi Front stretch kick
Yup chagi Side kick
Dull ryo yup chagi Turning side kick
Dull ryo chagi Turning  kick (roundhouse)
Dwi chagi Back kick
Dull ryo Dwi chagi Turning back kick
Ahneso pahkuro chagi Inside to outside kick
Pahkeso ahnuro chagi Outside to inside kick
Nak see chagi Hook kick
Ahp mee ro chagi Front push kick
Moo roop chagi Knee strike
Peet chagi Reverse turning kick
Jump kick Eh-dan


OUR BELT SYSTEM AND THE THEIR MEANINGS

Our belt system, in its progression from White to Black, represents the four seasons and educational steps of learning. The colour significance of the belts are as follows:


White/YellowFirst stages of learning and growth. Students learn customery respect and behaviour. Yellow can be likened to Winter Sun and hope for the future.

OrangeEarly spring. Student starts to build a good foundation of self-discipline, endurance and health.

PurpleSpring and new growth. The student has acquired new knowledge in order to grow and a sense of Yu Kang Do direction is being formed and developed.

GreenSummer. This level is the backbone of the Do jang as the student shows spirit, commitment and has displayed a sincere desire to learn.

Blue: This is half way to Black Belt. The student has now learned, that hard work and commitment bring great rewards!


BrownAutumn. The student displays strength, stamina, balance and co-ordination in their performance and begins to learn and to apply teaching skills.

RedPower, stability, agility, weight, wisdom. The student has confidence and has learned patience and perseverance.

Cho Dan Bo: The student has now shown great skills & proficiency in Yu Kang Do. They must now prove to themselves and their Instructor, that they can meet the excellent standard expected & face their biggest challenge to date. They must have the highest standard of etiquette and display respect to senior and lower grades, at all times.

Black (Dan Grade): Total commitment. The student has become an accomplished YU KANG DO exponent, eager and willing to share their knowledge and experience with others. As a Dan grade, one continues to learn and to perfect skills, old and new. Weapons and more interesting Hyungs and fighting techniques will be learned as the student advances through the Dan grades.


FORMS     TRANSLATION
Kee cho hyung il bu First Basic form
Kee cho hyung Ee bu Second Basic form
PYUNG AHN PEACEFUL CONFIDENCE
Cho dan # 1
Ee dan # 2
Sam dan # 3 
Sa dan # 4
Oh dan # 5
 Symbol - Turtle
 YONG JI COURAGE AND WISDOM
Master Pears` long form
YU KANG SOFT/HARD
Master Pears` short form
BASSAI TO BREACH A FORTRESS
BASSSAI DAI - (greater) Matsumura Sokon
BASSAI SHO - (lesser) Itosu Anko
Symbol - Cobra
NAIHANCHI SIDEWAYS FIGHTING
Cho dan # 1
Ee dan # 2
Sam dan # 3
 Symbol - Iron horse
SIP SOO TEN HANDS
Symbol - Bear
CHINTO FIGHTING TO THE EAST
Symbol - Crane
KUNG SAN KUNG LOOKING TO THE SKY
Symbol - Eagle
JION TEMPLE BELLS
Symbol - Goat
WANSHU FLYING SWALLOW
Symbol - Swallow
ROHAI VISION OF A HERON
Symbol - Heron
SEISHAN `13`
Symbol - Preying mantis
KORYU SEISAN

CHINTE STRANGE HANDS
WANDUAN KINGS CROWN
TENSHO ROLLING or THUNDER HANDS
DAE RYUN SPARRING
Cha yu dae ryun Free sparring
Da sot dae ryun Free sparring against two opponents
Il soo sik dae ryun One step pre-arranged sparring
Sam soo sik dae ryun Three step pre-arranged sparring
Bong dae ryun Staff sparring

KEY CONCEPTS OF YU KANG DO

Chung shin tong Il 
Concentration
Yong gi Courage
In neh Endurance
Chung jik Honesty
Kyum son Humility


COURTESY

Ko Map Sum Ni Da - Less formal form of 'Thank you'
Pronounced - (Kam Sam Needa)

Jeonman-yeyo - Don't mention it. (You're welcome)
Pronounced - (Chunman Ayoh)

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